The Stein Collection

View the V&A API .json response

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
Stein, Aurel, Serindia: Detailed Report of Exploration in Central Asia and Westernmost China Carried Out and Described Under the Orders of H.M Indian Government , 5 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1921), vol. I, p.479.
collection_code
EAS
credit
Stein Textile Loan Collection. On loan from the Government of India and the Archaeological Survey of India. Copyright: Government of India.
date_end
0800-12-31
date_start
0700-01-01
date_text
8th century (made)
descriptive_line
Bundle of yellow woollen yarn
dimensions
Diameter: 8.8 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
The Miran fort lies midway along southern Silk Road, at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. When Tibetan troops occupied the area in the late eight century AD, they built the fort to guard one of many routes through which they moved into Central Asia. In 1907, Stein excavated rubbish heaps at the fort and found wood slips, dating from the eight to the ninth century AD, which provided early examples of Tibetan writing. He also found fragments of wool rugs in bright colours and pieces of silk. The V&A holds a large number of textiles from the Miran Fort on loan, including spun wool, pattern and plain woven silk and wool, woven and spun hemp, woven horsehair, cords and painted silk.
historical_significance
history_note
Attached to bundle is a circular metal-rimmed label showing Stein number possibly in Stein's handwriting or that of his assistant, Miss F M G Lorimer.
id
9703
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:52:16.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:52:16.000Z
latitude
42.184158
location
In Storage
longitude
84.964111
marks
materials
wool yarn
materials_techniques
Spun woollen yarn
museum_number
LOAN:STEIN.271
museum_number_token
loanstein271
object_number
O87315
object_type
Yarn
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Bundle of spun yellow wool yarn of various lengths.
place
Miran Fort
primary_image_id
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
This textile bundle is of spun yellow wool yarn of various lengths. It was recovered from the site of Miran Fort on the eastern verge of the Taklamakan desert. At this site material was discovered in the remains of a fort held by the Tibetans during their domination of the southern Taklamakan in the 8th century AD. The site is also part of an area of Central Asia we now call the Silk Road, a series of overland trade routes that crossed Asia from China to Europe. The most notable item traded was silk. Camels and horses were used as pack animals and merchants passed the goods from oasis to oasis. The Silk Road was also important for the exchange of ideas. Whilst silk textiles travelled west from China, Buddhism entered China from India in this way. This textile was brought back from Central Asia by the explorer and archaeologist Sir Marc Aurel Stein (1862-1943). The V&A has around 650 ancient and medieval textiles recovered from the Silk Road by Stein at the beginning of the 20th century. Some are silk while others are made from the wool of a variety of different animals.
related_museum_numbers
rights
2
shape
site_code
slug
the-stein-collection-yarn-unknown
sys_updated
2014-07-31T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
spinning
title
The Stein Collection
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
800
year_start
700