View in the Lake District

2006bc6092 jpg l

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Acquired in 1888 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Constable, John (RA)
attributions_note
bibliography
Hebron, Stephen, Conal Shields and Timothy Wilcox, The Solitude of Mountains. Constable and the Lake District. Grasmere: The Wordsworth Trust, 2006. ISBN 1905256108. Exhibition catalogue. Catalogue of the Constable Collection, Graham Reynolds, Victoria and Albert Museum, London: HMSO, 1973, pp. 56, 64, 65 The following is an extract from the text of the entry: "On rough-surfaced laid paper. A strip of blue at the top indicates fading. Holmes, p. 240, tentatively identifies as Wetherlam. Note on Nos. 72-94 [794-1888, 348-1888, 192-1888, 812-1888, 170-1888, 185-1888, 188-1888, 184-1888, 187-1888, 178-1888, 179-1888, 177-1888, 193-1888, 183-1888, 1256-1888, 596-1888, 181-1888, 182-1888, 1257-1888, 811-1888, 349-1888, 186-1888, 194-1888] Nos. 72-94 [see above] are drawings made by Constable during his only visit to the English Lake District, which occupied him for about two months in the autumn of 1806. An account of this expedition is given by Beryl and Noel Clay in their article 'Constable's visit to the Lakes' (Country Life, Vol. LXXXIII, 1938, pp. 393-5), which quotes relevant extracts from the diary of Mrs. Harden of Brathay Hall, with whom Constable stayed for part of the time; the following resume is based upon that article. Constable undertook the journey on the suggestion of his uncle, David Pike Watts, and at his expense. He travelled with one Gardner (perhaps George, son of the artist Daniel Gardner, a native of Kendal in Westmorland), and they were to stay at the outset of the tour with Worgan, a tenant of a house on Windermere which belonged to Watts. It is not known when Constable arrived in the Lake District, and the earliest date is that on a watercolour drawing in Mr. Gilbert Davis's collection inscribed at the back Sepr. 1st 1806, Kendall castle On 8. September Constable and Worgan were staying at Brathay Hall, the Hardens' house on Windermere. Constable seems to have left Brathay Hall on or soon after 16 September for a tour of Borrowdale, and he returned there on 16 October. The latest recorded date of the visit is that of 19 October on No. 86. [1256-1888]. Mrs Harden comments in her diary on Constable's assiduity in sketching and, besides the twenty-three drawings in the Museum's collections, many others made on this visit are known. Drawings in other ownership which help to fill in the itinerary given by the dated drawings in the Museum's collections are the following: 2 September Whitbarrow Scar. (Holmes, p. 240, when in the possession of H. P. Horne; now in the Ashmolean Museum) 30 September Borrowdale. (Gregory sale, 20 July 1949, Lot 70 verso) 1 October Borrowdale. (In extra illustrated edition of Leslie's Life of Constable, formerly belonging to Lord Lee of Fareham) 12 October Ashcourse [Esk Hause?]. (Holmes, p. 240, formerly in the collection of Sir T. Gibson Carmichael, Bart.) Mrs Harden's diary also records that Constable painted a portrait of her in oils, apparently beginning it on 14 September (when it rained all day) and finishing it in nine hours. Sketches by John Harden of the house-party, including Constable, and of Constable painting Mrs Harden, are reproduced in Beryl and Noel Clay's article, as is Constable's drawing of the party. Although Constable told Leslie in later life that "the solitude of mountains oppressed his spirits" (L. ed. S., p. 25), he exhibited three Lake District scenes at the Royal Academy in 1807, and another three there in 1808; he also sent some of these on to the British Institution's exhibition in 1808 and another three to their exhibition of 1809. His inscriptions made at the time on the backs of the drawings are often enthusiastic; besides those on the Museum's drawings Nos 74 [192-1888] and 80 [187-1888] may be noted that quoted by Holmes from Sir T. Gibson Carmichael's drawing of 12 October "The finest Scenery that ever was". Most of the drawings in the Museum were made in the period between the two visits to Brathay Hall. Nos 72-85 [794-1888, 348-1888, 192-1888, 812-1888, 170-1888, 185-1888, 188-1888, 184-1888, 187-1888, 178-1888, 179-1888, 177-1888, 193-1888, 183-1888] are of places in Borrowdale or easily reached from Keswick, and the identifications suggested for the undated drawings Nos 87-91 [596-1888, 181-1888, 182-1888, 1257-1888, 811-1888] would put them within the same locality and section of the visit. Mrs Harden noted in her diary on 30 September "Gardener left his friend Constable in Borrowdale drawing away at no allowance, but he got tired of looking on, so came off here". The drawing of Langdale (No. 86 [1256-1888]) was no doubt, as pointed out by Beryl and Noel Clay in the article cited above, drawn during the artist's second stay at Brathay Hall. Among the oil paintings made by Constable of Lake District scenes may be noted 'Keswick Lake' in the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne (L. ed. M., Pl. 5) and 'Keswick Lake' in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon (L. ed. S., Pl. 32). Holmes, pp. 240-1, lists others."
collection_code
PDP
credit
Given by Isabel Constable, daughter of the artist
date_end
1806-12-31
date_start
1806-01-01
date_text
1806 (made)
descriptive_line
Watercolour, 'View in the Lake District' by Constable.
dimensions
Height: 27.9 cm, Width: 39.1 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
The Solitude of Mountains (Dove Cottage and the Wordsworth Museum 01/07/2006-31/10/2006) Constable: a breath of fresh air (The Millennium Galleries, Sheffield 08/02/2003-27/04/2003) John Constable, selected by Lucian Freud (Grand Palais 10/10/2002-13/01/2003)
gallery
Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F
historical_context_note
'Constable's only exhibit at the Royal Academy in 1806 was No. 65 [169-1888]. In June he was at East Bergholt, as is attested by Nos. 66 and 67 [224-1888 and 346-1888]. In the autumn he paid a visit of some two months to the Lake District and made many drawings, among them Nos. 72-94 [794-1888, 348-1888, 192-1888, 812-1888, 170-1888, 185-1888, 188-1888, 184-1888, 187-1888, 178-1888, 179-1888, 177-1888, 193-1888, 183-1888, 1256-1888, 596-1888, 181-1888, 182-1888, 1257-1888, 811-1888, 349-1888, 186-1888, 194-1888].' [G Reynolds, 1973, p. 56]
historical_significance
history_note
id
852
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:22:24.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:22:24.000Z
latitude
54.63044
location
Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case WD, shelf 79
longitude
-2.89908
marks
materials
materials_techniques
Pencil and watercolour
museum_number
186-1888
museum_number_token
1861888
object_number
O126186
object_type
Watercolour
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
View with lots of trees in pencil and watercolour.
place
Lake District
primary_image_id
2006BC6092
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
view-in-the-lake-district-watercolour-constable-john-ra
sys_updated
2013-08-25T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
title
View in the Lake District
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
1806
year_start
1806