This wool and cotton damask woven fabric shows motifs found in Gothic design, popularlised in the 19th century by Augustus Pugin – an architect, designer and writer who pioneered the revival of neo-Gothic design in buildings and interiors. He produced designs for both ecclesiastical and domestic use including stained glass, furniture, metalwork, wallpaper and textiles. Fabrics based on his patterns were woven by the leading silk and woollen manufacturers of the day and sold through two decorating firms, Hardman of Birmingham and Crace of London. Pugin designed carpets and printed roller blinds for the Houses of Parliament, a Gothic revival building. By rejecting busy early Victorian patterns in favour of stronger, cleaner lines, Pugin laid the groundwork for a new aesthetic which favoured stylisation over naturalistic designs.