Thanatos (Death)

2006ae9237 jpg l

View the V&A API .json response

Acquired in 1865 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1865. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 30 Machell Cox, E., Victoria & Albert Museum Catalogue of Engraved Gems. London, Typescript, 1935, Part 1, p. 51
collection_code
SCP
credit
Given by R. C. Lucas
date_end
date_start
date_text
31 BC-14 BC (made)
descriptive_line
Intaglio, carved oval red jasper set in later gold ring, depicting Thanatos (Death), Graeco-Roman, ca. 31-14 BC
dimensions
Height: 1.3 cm, Width: 0.9 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
Sculpture, room 111
historical_context_note
Engraved gemstones of all dates were widely collected in Italy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Many were brought back by British Grand Tourists, and important collections were formed.
historical_significance
history_note
Given by the British neo-classical sculptor Richard Cockle Lucas in 1865, together with twenty-two ivory carvings, twelve waxes, sixteen other gems, a marble group and a portrait in plaster.
id
82914
label
last_checked
2014-08-30T00:58:15.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-30T00:58:15.000Z
latitude
42.502998
location
Sculpture, room 111, case 2, shelf 3
longitude
12.57341
marks
materials
Jasper, gemstone, microquartz
materials_techniques
Engraved gemstone, red jasper.
museum_number
231-1865
museum_number_token
2311865
object_number
O107306
object_type
Intaglio
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Upright oval intaglio. Red jasper. Depicting the winged youth Thanatos (Death). He leans on an upturned, smoking torch, his right leg crossed over his left, and his chin on his hand. In a gold ring.
place
Italy
primary_image_id
2006AE9237
production_note
Graeco-Roman intaglio in an 18th century setting
production_type
public_access_description
The art of engraving gemstones can be traced back to ancient Greece in the 8th century BC and earlier. Techniques passed down to the Egyptians and then to the Romans. There were major revivals of interest in engraved gems in Europe during the Byantine era, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and again in the 18th and 19th centuries. At each stage cameos and intaglios, these skillful carvings on a minute scale, were much prized and collected, sometimes as symbols of power mounted in jewelled settings, sometimes as small objects for private devotion or enjoyment. This intaglio must be connected with mourning. In Greek mythology the winged youths Thanatos (Death) and his brother Hypnos (Sleep) were the children of Nyx (Night). Both had attributes - objects traditionally associated with them in images. Hypnos is often shown with an owl and a poppy, denoting night time and the drowsiness induced by the narcotic plant, or with wings attached to his head. Thanatos has an upturned, guttering torch, denoting the extinction of life.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
thanatos-death-intaglio-unknown
sys_updated
2013-08-17T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
gem engraving
title
Thanatos (Death)
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
-14
year_start
-31