Wolf and ibex or goat

2006af1532 jpg l

View the V&A API .json response

Acquired in 1871 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington, Acquired During the Year 1871, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O. p. 46. Machell Cox, E., Victoria & Albert Museum Catalogue of Engraved Gems. London, Typescript, 1935, Part 2, Section 2, p. 298.
collection_code
SCP
credit
date_end
0250-12-31
date_start
0150-01-01
date_text
About 150-250 CE (made)
descriptive_line
Intaglio depicting a wolf leaping over an ibex or goat, circular carnelian, set in silver-gilt ring; Sassanian (Iraq), about 150-250
dimensions
Diameter: 11 mm approximate
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
Engraved gemstones of all dates were widely collected in Italy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Many were brought back by British Grand Tourists, and important collections were formed.
historical_significance
history_note
Ex Waterton Collection. Edmund Waterton (1830-81) is referred to as one of a group of 'pioneer collectors' by Diana Scarisbrick, 'C.D.E. Fortunum as a collector of rings and gems', C.D.E. Fortnum and the collecting and study of applied arts and sculpture in Victorian England, Ed: Ben Thomas and Timothy Wilson, 1999. His collection of approximately 760 rings, formed with the aim of illustrating the history of rings of all period and types, was acquired by the Museum in 1871 and 1899. Waterton, in 1868 'of Walton Castle, near Wakefield, in the county of York, but now residing at Ostend in the Kingdom of Belgium', got into financial difficulties, and was later to be declared bankrupt. The collection of rings was held as security against a loan by the jeweller Robert Phillips for two years from March of that year. The loan was to be repaid by Waterton by March 1870, but the deadline was not met. Phillips having first contacted the Museum regarding the possible purchase of the rings in 1869, the purchase was recommended by the Board of the Museum in a minute of 20 April 1871. The majority of the rings are held in Metalwork Section, a small number in Sculpture Section. Historical significance: Professor Sir John Boardman, who examined this gem in 2009, is of the opinion that it is early Sassanian, second or third century AD. It can be compared with Martin Henig, Classical Gems. Ancient and Modern Intaglios and Cameos in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1994, nos. 440-2, pp. 198-9.
id
82275
label
last_checked
2014-08-30T00:55:23.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-30T00:55:23.000Z
latitude
33.24052
location
In Storage
longitude
43.68985
marks
materials
carnelian, silver-gilt, chalcedony, gemstone, microquartz
materials_techniques
Engraved gemstone
museum_number
578-1871
museum_number_token
5781871
object_number
O106585
object_type
Intaglio
on_display
original_currency
English pounds, shillings and pence
original_price
£2
physical_description
Circular intaglio. Translucent orange-red carnelian. Depicting a long-eared animal, probably a wolf, leaping to right over a horned animal, probably an ibex or goat, which is lying beneath it. Set in silver-gilt ring.
place
Iraq
primary_image_id
2006AF1532
production_note
Attribution note: Orange-red translucent chalcedony
production_type
public_access_description
The art of engraving gemstones can be traced back to ancient Greece in the 8th century BC and earlier. Techniques passed down to the Egyptians and then to the Romans. There were major revivals of interest in engraved gems in Europe during the Byantine era, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and again in the 18th and 19th centuries. At each stage cameos and intaglios, these skillful carvings on a minute scale, were much prized and collected, sometimes as symbols of power mounted in jewelled settings, sometimes as small objects for private devotion or enjoyment. This intaglio seal stone, dating from the second or third century after the birth of Christ, was made in the eastern part of the Roman empire, probably in modern-day Iraq. Hunting was an important part of life, depicted on silver vessels as well as engraved gems. Subjects such as men fighting animals or, as here, beasts preying on each other, were popular.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
wolf-and-ibex-or-goat-intaglio-unknown
sys_updated
2013-08-17T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
gem engraving
title
Wolf and ibex or goat
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
250
year_start
150