Shepherd and goats

2006af1543 jpg l

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Acquired in 1869 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington, Acquired During the Year 1869, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O. p. 127. Machell Cox, E., Victoria & Albert Museum Catalogue of Engraved Gems. London, Typescript, 1935, Part 2, Section 2, pp.295-6.
collection_code
SCP
credit
Townshend Bequest
date_end
0200-12-31
date_start
date_text
ca 200-100 BC (made)
descriptive_line
Intaglio depicting either Mercury or a shepherd with a goat, oval carnelian, set in gold ring; Italy, ca 200-100 BC
dimensions
Height: 11 mm approximate, Width: 9 mm approximate
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
Engraved gemstones of all dates were widely collected in Italy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Many were brought back by British Grand Tourists, and important collections were formed.
historical_significance
history_note
This gem was part of the collection of the Reverend Chauncy Hare Townshend (1798-1868), who bequeathed his important collection to the South Kensington Museum in 1869. Although the gemstone collection is not as comprehensive as that found at the Natural History Museum, it is of particular historic interest as its formation pre-dates the development of many synthetic stones and artificial enhancements. All the stones were mounted as rings before they came to the Museum. Some are held in the Sculpture Section, other more elaborately mounted ones in the Metalwork Section. As well as being a clergyman, collector and dillettante, the Reverend Townshend wrote poetry. He met Robert Southey in 1815 and through him the Wordsworths, the Coleridges and John Clare. He was a friend of Charles Dickens and dedicatee of his novel 'Great Expectations'.
id
82238
label
last_checked
2014-08-30T00:55:13.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-30T00:55:13.000Z
latitude
42.502998
location
In Storage
longitude
12.57341
marks
materials
carnelian
materials_techniques
Engraved gemstone
museum_number
1822-1869
museum_number_token
18221869
object_number
O106550
object_type
Intaglio
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Vertical oval intaglio. Brownish-red translucent carnelian. Depicts a naked male figure facing left. He wears a brimmed hat. In his right hand he holds a set of reed pipes, in his left an unidentifiable staff-like object. A goat rears up in front of him. Set in a gold ring.
place
Italy
primary_image_id
2006AF1543
production_note
Ring ca. 1800-1850
production_type
public_access_description
The art of engraving gemstones has been admired since the early days of the Roman empire. It was revived in Europe during the Renaissance, and again in the 18th and 19th centuries. Cameos and intaglios were prized and collected, sometimes as symbols of power and mounted in jewelled settings, sometimes as small objects for private devotion or enjoyment. This intaglio may simply portray a shepherd, his flock represented by a single goat. On the other hand the subject could be the god Mercury who, among his many other manifestations, was known as the protector of shepherds and flocks. In this guise Mercury's attribute is the ram, and he is frequently shown wearing the 'petasus', the broad-brimmed hat of felt or straw associated with farmers and travellers, and sometimes carrying the 'syrinx' - the reed pipes of Pan.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
shepherd-and-goats-intaglio-unknown
sys_updated
2013-08-17T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
gem engraving
title
Shepherd and goats
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
200
year_start
-100