Man

2006af2947 jpg l

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Acquired in 1869 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington, Acquired During the Year 1869, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O. p. 127. Machell Cox, E., Victoria & Albert Museum Catalogue of Engraved Gems. London, Typescript, 1935, Part 2, Section 2, p.239.
collection_code
SCP
credit
Townshend Bequest
date_end
0100-12-31
date_start
date_text
100 BC - 100 CE (made) 1785-1820 (made)
descriptive_line
Intaglio depicting a man driving a chariot drawn by two horses, oval carnelian, set in gold ring; Italy, either ca.100 BC - 100 CE, or 1785-1820
dimensions
Width: 19 mm approximate, Height: 12 mm approximate
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
historical_significance
history_note
This gem was part of the collection of the Reverend Chauncy Hare Townshend (1798-1868), who bequeathed his important collection to the South Kensington Museum in 1869. Although the gemstone collection is not as comprehensive as that found at the Natural History Museum in London, it is of particular historic interest as its formation pre-dates the development of many synthetic stones and artificial enhancements. All the stones were mounted as rings before they came to the Museum. Some are held in the Sculpture Section, other more elaborately mounted ones in the Metalwork Section. As well as being a clergyman, collector and dillettante, the Reverend Townshend wrote poetry. He met Robert Southey in 1815 and through him the Wordsworths, the Coleridges and John Clare. He was a friend of Charles Dickens and dedicatee of his novel 'Great Expectations'.
id
82231
label
last_checked
2014-08-30T00:55:11.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-30T00:55:11.000Z
latitude
42.502998
location
In Storage
longitude
12.57341
marks
materials
carnelian, gold, chalcedony, gemstone, microquartz
materials_techniques
engraved gemstone
museum_number
1815-1869
museum_number_token
18151869
object_number
O106540
object_type
Intaglio
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Horizontal oval intaglio. Translucent orange-red carnelian with whiteish markings. Depicts a man driving a chariot drawn by two horses, facing left. Set in a gold ring.
place
Italy
primary_image_id
2006AF2947
production_note
Attribution note: The surfaces on either side of the intaglio are mottled with a white discolouration, cut through with the intaglio design. The mottling is likely to be the result of artificial treatment using an alkali, popular in ancient Italy. In this case it would appear that a carnelian cabochon has been treated with the alkali, which would turn the gem entirely white, polished to produce a mottled surface, and then engraved with the chariot and horses design. (Joanna Whalley 26/05/2009).
production_type
public_access_description
The art of engraving gemstones can be traced back to ancient Greece in the 8th century BC and earlier. Techniques passed down to the Egyptians and then to the Romans. There were major revivals of interest in engraved gems in Europe during the Byantine era, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and again in the 18th and 19th centuries. At each stage cameos and intaglios, these skillful carvings on a minute scale, were much prized and collected, sometimes as symbols of power mounted in jewelled settings, sometimes as small objects for private devotion or enjoyment. Occasionally, as in this case, later engravers were so skilled at reproducing the techniques and styles of the ancient artists that it can be difficult to decide which era a gem comes from. The horse-drawn chariot or 'biga', driven by a variety of charioteers such as Aurora, Eros and Nike, representing the dawn, love, and victory respectively, was a common subject for Greek and Roman gems.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
man-intaglio-unknown
sys_updated
2013-08-17T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
gem engraving
title
Man
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
100
year_start
-100