No Title

2009cd9089 jpg l

View the V&A API .json response

Acquired in 1950 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
collection_code
CER
credit
date_end
0200-12-31
date_start
0001-01-01
date_text
1st century-2nd century (made)
descriptive_line
Bottle (unguentarium), probably Italy, 1-199 AD
dimensions
Height: 11.7 cm, Width: 2.5 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
Medieval and Renaissance, room 8
historical_context_note
The arrival of glass in the Roman World had a profound social impact. Like many ancient peoples, the Romans believed in an Afterlife that would be an idealized form of their worldly experience. So it was a family obligation to ensure that the grave of every deceased relative was furnished according to its means; not just food and wine, but also offerings of perfume. The wealthy would provide these offerings in flasks (unguentaria) made of silver or alabaster. With the arrival of glassblowing, poorer citizens now could offer similar items in glass. There was also an extensive market for unguentaria in life as well as death; Roman society was fastidious about personal hygiene and appearance. And during the mid-1st century A.D., as glassworkers continued to adapt their skills, their wares steadily ousted their pottery counterparts from the marketplace. The forms of unguentaria steadily multiplied over the years-in particular, necks often were extended, to slow the evaporation of perfumed oils-as did their decoration, following stylistic trends of the glassworking industry overall. In the mid 4th century A.D., the establishment of Constantinople as the new administrative heart of the Roman World resulted in many social and economic changes. But the Roman desire for perfumery and cosmetics remained a constant, and each time there was a change in shape among the gold and silver perfume bottles (unguentaria) of the wealthy, it soon was mimicked in glass. Such desire came at a price, however. According to the emperor Diocletian's Prices Edict of A.D. 301, even oil of wild marjoram was priced at 100 denarii per pound, while the recognized luxury of Arabian saffron could cost twenty times as much.
historical_significance
history_note
Gift from Rugby School
id
8212
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:45:44.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:45:44.000Z
latitude
42.502998
location
Medieval and Renaissance, room 8, case 14
longitude
12.57341
marks
materials
materials_techniques
Glass
museum_number
CIRC.406-1950
museum_number_token
circ4061950
object_number
O6793
object_type
Bottle
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Greenish glass bottle
place
Italy
primary_image_id
2009CD9089
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
Roman society was fastidious about personal hygiene and appearance. Small bottles for oil and perfume were used in great quantities throughout the Roman Empire. With the arrival of glassblowing around 50 BC, such items could be made relatively easily and became affordable to people of modest means. Oils and other unguents were important in Roman society for preparing the bodies of burial or cremation. After use, the containers for such prepatory producs were often deposited alongside the bodies in their graves..
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
bottle-unknown
sys_updated
2014-01-06T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
title
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
200
year_start
1