Height: 9.6 cm, Width: 10 cm including handle, Diameter: 7.7 cm, Diameter: 6.1 cm mouth
British Galleries, room 56d
Made in the Dehua kilns in Fujian Province, China
CHINESE PORCELAIN AND EUROPEAN IMITATIONS
The whiteness of Chinese porcelain, became the ultimate goal of European potters and they tried many methods to imitate it. A coating of white clay slip tended to flake off an earthenware body, as did a white tin-glaze. High-fired stoneware, as in the German jug, was self-coloured but could be refined only to a light grey/white. John Dwight used Dorset clay and Isle of Wight sand for his expensive lathe-turned 'gorge' mugs, intended for strong ale. [27/03/2003]
The mug is European in shape and would have been used for coffee or chocolate. The Chinese factories made export goods to order, using European drawings, engravings, three-dimensional models or actual vessels as models.
Chinese porcelain was exported to the West from several kilns in China. The most productive were those in the city of Jingdezhen in Jiangxi Province. However, some of the products most favoured by European consumers came from kilns at Dehua, in the south-eastern coastal province of Fujian. These kilns were close to major export ports such as Amoy (Xiamen) or Canton (Guangzhou).
Materials & Making
Dehua porcelain was creamy-white, hard and very translucent. It was known in Europe as 'Blanc de Chine' and was one of the first types of porcelain to be copied, in factories such as Meissen.