The Stein Collection

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artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
Stein, Aurel, Serindia: Detailed Report of Exploration in Central Asia and Westernmost China Carried Out and Described Under the Orders of H.M Indian Government , 5 vols (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1921), vol. III, p. 1243.
collection_code
EAS
credit
Stein Textile Loan Collection. On loan from the Government of India and the Archaeological Survey of India. Copyright: Government of India.
date_end
0300-12-31
date_start
0200-01-01
date_text
200-300 (made)
descriptive_line
Fragment of hand-knotted creamy brown woollen pile on wool warp and weft and wool felt lining.
dimensions
Length: 30 cm, Width: 16.5 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
Karadong lies south of Kucha on the northern Silk Road. On his first visit, Stein found the remains of timber dwellings atop an earthen rampart and concluded that the site had once been a frontier post. Artefacts unearthed there, including copper coins from the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), suggested that it had flourished during this period. When Stein visited Karadong a second time, he discovered three dwellings, furniture, and household utensils, along with two irrigation canals; evidence that the site had been an oasis town, not an isolated fort. The V&A holds, on loan, from Karadong carpet fragments, silk, woven plant fibres, and spun wool, dating from 200-300 AD.
historical_significance
history_note
Stein suggest that the fragment may originally have been part of a felt-lined carpet or coat.
id
67
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:17:47.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:17:47.000Z
latitude
42.184158
location
In Storage
longitude
84.964111
marks
materials
wool, hemp
materials_techniques
Knotted woollen pile on wool warp and weft, with felted wool and hemp string
museum_number
LOAN:STEIN.533
museum_number_token
loanstein533
object_number
O90811
object_type
Carpet fragment
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Rectangular fragment of hand-knotted creamy brown woollen pile on cream-coloured wool warp and weft. The knotted pile has been worn away in several areas but would originally have been long enough to cover the wefts in between the rows of knots. The other side shows remains of, and original layer of, felted cream and brown wool, attached to the textile with string made of hemp.
place
Karadong
primary_image_id
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
This fragment from a woollen pile carpet was originally lined with felted wool of which only patches remain today. It was recovered from the site of Karadong, possibly a fortified frontier post, which dates from the 3rd to the 4th century AD. Textiles from Karadong are of a utilitarian rather than decorative type. The site is also part of an area of Central Asia we now call the Silk Road, a series of overland trade routes that crossed Asia from China to Europe. The most notable item traded was silk. Camels and horses were used as pack animals and merchants passed the goods from oasis to oasis. The Silk Road was also important for the exchange of ideas. Whilst silk textiles travelled west from China, Buddhism entered China from India in this way. This textile was brought back from Central Asia by the explorer and archaeologist Sir Marc Aurel Stein (1862-1943). The V&A has around 650 ancient and medieval textiles recovered from the Silk Road by Stein at the beginning of the20th century. Some are silk while others are made from the wool of a variety of different animals
related_museum_numbers
rights
2
shape
site_code
slug
the-stein-collection-carpet-fragment-unknown
sys_updated
2014-07-31T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
plain weave, felting, knotting
title
The Stein Collection
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
300
year_start
200