The Visit of the Sixteen Ascetics (Parayanas)

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Acquired in 1949 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
Kurita, Isao, ed, 'The Buddha's Life Story', Ancient Buddhist Art Series, Gandharan Art, vol 1, Tokyo, 1988, illus, no. 439, p. 214
collection_code
SSEA
credit
date_end
0275-12-31
date_start
0225-01-01
date_text
mid 3rd century (made)
descriptive_line
Relief Panel- Buddha with sixteen ascetics (Parayanas), grey schist, 3rd century AD, Gandhara.
dimensions
Height: 48 cm, Width: 48 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
historical_significance
history_note
Ackermann identifies the scene in this relief panel as probably representing the 'Visit of the Sixteen Ascetics'. In this story during the Buddha's life these ascetics travelled to a cave in the Magadha region where the Buddha was meditating in order to ask him to find answers to various problems they could not resolve. Discounting the two figures behind Buddha's shoulders ( if we assume that they are divine personages), there are,however, fifteen men surrounding the Buddha, which with another three men in the missing top hand corner of what appears to be a symmetrical composition, totals eighteen rather than sixteen ascetics. Bought from Ernest Schwaiger
id
59429
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T23:10:53.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T23:10:53.000Z
latitude
30.441851
location
In Storage
longitude
69.359703
marks
materials
schist
materials_techniques
Grey Schist
museum_number
IS.81-1949
museum_number_token
is811949
object_number
O65287
object_type
Relief panel
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Ackermann identifies the scene in this relief panel as probably representing the 'Visit of the Sixteen Ascetics'. In this story during the Buddha's life these ascetics travelled to a cave in the Magadha region where the Buddha was meditating in order to ask him to find answers to various problems they could not resolve. The roughly square panel is badly damaged with many of the figures abraded and the top left hand corner has been broken off. The relief has a plain base and two plain fillets at the top, the lower indented one being decorated with a small saw tooth pattern along its upper edge. The rectangular relief has the top left hand corner missing. It has a scene carved between a plain lower plinth and a stepped double fillet decorated with saw-tooth carving at the top. The sides are without framing. The panel is dominated by the large central seated figure of the Buddha in meditation with his right hand raised in an abhaya mudra, although this hand and his face are now missing. He is seated on a shallow plinth under the branches of a flowering tree The ascetics, of whom some are youthful while others are elderly and bearded, are grouped around him is a variety of poses. Those in a lower register are either seated or kneeling in supplication (with one figure seated with his head hanging down between his knees). The middle group, those of which on the left are badly damaged, are shown standing either side of the Buddha. Two figures, shown only from the shoulders upwards, look down over Buddha's shoulders, (the left one of whom it is suggested by Ackermann may represent Vajrapani). Above in the top register only the three figures on the right hand side have survived, shown from their waists upwards. Discounting the two figures behind Buddha's shoulders ( if we assume that they are divine personages), there are fifteen men surrounding the Buddha, which with another three men in the missing top hand corner of what appears to be a symmetrical composition, totals eighteen rather than sixteen ascetics.
place
Pakistan
primary_image_id
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
the-visit-of-the-sixteen-relief-panel-unknown
sys_updated
2014-06-20T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
carving
title
The Visit of the Sixteen Ascetics (Parayanas)
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
275
year_start
225