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Acquired in 1913 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
H. Clifford Smith, Catalogue of English Furniture & Woodwork,(London 1930), 623 'Heraldic Wooden Cups of the Jacobean Period,' by H. Clifford Smith, in 'The Connoisseur.' January, 1924.
collection_code
FWK
credit
Bequeathed by E. S. Clarke, Esq.
date_end
1617-12-31
date_start
1617-01-01
date_text
1617 (made)
descriptive_line
Turned and engraved pearwood, with the arms of James I, England, 1617
dimensions
Height: 30.2 cm, Diameter: 16.8 cm bowl
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
historical_context_note
The exact use of this type of cup is not clear. It had been thought that they were fashionable communion cups, although the use of wood as a vessel for the host had been forbidden by the Canons of Winchester as early as 1071. Pinto relates that they could have been the cups of Royal Cupbearers, and though some of the crests relate to holders of this office, most had held it before the reign of James I. The likelihood of their having been prototypes for silverware is thrown into doubt by the lack of any known replicas made in silver. Pinto propose that they may have been 'part of the insignia of some exclusive 17th century society', similar to, or perhaps an ancestor to, the Honorable Order of Little Bedlam, a social club founded by the 5th Earl of Exeter in 1684.
historical_significance
history_note
Note on RP 13/3789: 'The two English cups of engraved wood, one bearing the Royal Arms and the date 1617 and the other (with lid) [W.51-1913] bearing the date 1648, are both most interesting examples and would be valuable additions to the collections'
id
315
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:19:35.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:19:35.000Z
latitude
52.883289
location
In Storage
longitude
-1.97685
marks
'BY VERTUOUS LIVING DOTH…u honour rise: an evil live brings infamie and shame to follow his Counsell that is most wise brings endless Glory and immortall fame and such as on earth Gods Glory Do advance shall ever BE had in Remembrance' 'But sure the name of evil Doers shall rott: Eternall wo shall fale vnto their Lott: For every one shall Receive according to the works Donne' 'Drinke well and welcome You that CHRISTIANS BE: You that have sured faith and sound Repentance…' '1617'
materials
pearwood
materials_techniques
Turned and engraved pearwood
museum_number
W.50-1913
museum_number_token
w501913
object_number
O137888
object_type
Cup
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Standing Cup of turned and engraved pearwood, bearing the Royal Arms of James I, a dragon, a stag, and a griffin, and inscriptions.
place
England
primary_image_id
production_note
The decoration would most likely have been executed with a hot thin steel implement on a carefully prepared surface, which would have been very smooth and probably glazed first. This would have been difficult to achieve, as heat could not be controlled very carefully, and so the designs may have been first finely gouged or incised and then later darkened.
production_type
public_access_description
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
cup-unknown
sys_updated
2014-08-14T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
turning, engraving
title
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
1617
year_start
1617