PUBLISHED AG Poster, Indian Earth, Brooklyn Museum, 1986, p116 AH Dani, 'Shaikan Dheri Excavations (1963-64 season)' Ancient Pakistan 2 (1965-66), pp17-214 Guy, John (ed.). ‘L’Escultura en els Temples Indis: L’Art de la Devocio’, Barcelona : Fundacio ‘La Caixa’, 2007. ISBN 9788476649466. p. 53, cat.10.
Mother goddess, terracotta, Charsadda, Pakistan, 1st century BCE-1st century CE
Height: 25 cm, Width: 9.5 cm, Depth: 3.5 cm
: L’escultura en els temples indis: l’art de la devocio (CaixaForum, Barcelona 27/07/2007-18/11/2007)
South-East Asia, room 47b
The strict frontal and rigid posture of this figurine is characteristic of a common type of hand modeled archaic fertility figure usually distinguished by such sylistic features as applied slit-pellet eyes, flat bodies with diminutive but prominent breasts and wide hips, legs indicated by an incised vertical line, and stubby outspreead arms. The combined effect of the flat shape and high relief ornamentation, which consists of applied incised florets and leaves, incised jewelery and applied costume, is one of geometricized order and form.
This terracotta figurine depicts a female deity or mother goddess. The frontal and symmetrical posture is characteristic of a type of hand-modelled archaic fertility figure. Typically these figures had applied slit-pellet eyes, flat bodies with diminutive but prominent breasts, wide hips, and short outspread arms. An incised vertical line suggested the legs.
The person who hand-modelled this figurine has applied high relief decoration to the flat form. Here applied incised florets and leaves form an elaborate headdress. This, together with the incised jewellery and applied costume, combine to create a highly ornate image of a fertility goddess.