Published: J.P. Vogel, La sculpture de Mathura, Art Asiatica XV, 1930, Pl. XXV , pp. 105-6 for garland see ibid. Pl. XLVIII N. Joshi, Iconography of Balarama, 1979, Pl. 6 S. Czuma, Kushan Sculpture, CMA H. Hartel, in South Asian Archaeology, 1985
Pillar Capital in the form of a Winged Lion, Kusham, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India, late 1st and early 2nd Century AD
Width: 105 cm, Height: 88 cm
South-East Asia, room 47b
The sculpture would have formed the capital of a pillar (stambha) framing the entrance to a sacred enclosure. The curious form of the tail, usually given the form of an aquatic creature, here may be associated with a plough share, the attribute of the Hindu deity Balarama, whose origins appear to be as an agricultural deity.