No Title

2006bj9148 jpg l

View the V&A API .json response

Acquired in 1927 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
Guy, John. ‘Indian Temple Sculpture’, London : V&A Publications, 2007. p.22.pl.13. ISBN 9781851775095 Guy, John (ed.). ‘L’Escultura en els Temples Indis: L’Art de la Devocio’, Barcelona : Fundacio ‘La Caixa’, 2007. ISBN 9788476649466. p.60, cat.20.
collection_code
SSEA
credit
date_end
0200-12-31
date_start
0100-01-01
date_text
2nd century (made)
descriptive_line
Part of Architrave with winged lion and lioness, sandstone, Mathura, North India, 2nd century
dimensions
Height: 27.3 cm, Length: 76.8 cm, Depth: 10.2 cm
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
: L’escultura en els temples indis: l’art de la devocio (CaixaForum, Barcelona 27/07/2007-18/11/2007)
gallery
South-East Asia, room 47b
historical_context_note
historical_significance
history_note
The triratna emblem on the panel were used in Jain as well as Buddhist religious architecture in this period, but the lion motif does suggest a Buddhist affiliation as more likely - Buddha Sakyamuni was characterised as the 'lion' of the Sakya clan. It was customary from at least the Sunga period (1st BCE-1st CE) and in the Kushan period to mark religious sites, be they shrines, temples or especially stupas, with monumnetal free-standing pillars (stambhas) and gateways (toranas). In the Buddhist and Jain context, both of which utilised stupas, these gateways would mark the four cardinal points of a stupa. Gateways of this kind resemble those of secular urban architecture of the period, except that they were not designed to be fortified. No provenance is available, but it may be assumed that this lintel was excavated in one of the many mounds that mark ancient sites at the city of Mathura, known in early sources as the 'city of gods'.
id
22842
label
ARCHITRAVE FRAGMENT Sandstone Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North India Kusana dynasty 2nd century A.D. Section of an architrave from a ceremonial gateway (torana) which would have marked one of the approaches to a stupa (relic mound). IM 1-1927 [1988]
last_checked
2014-08-29T20:55:04.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T20:55:04.000Z
latitude
27.49586
location
South-East Asia, room 47b, case EXP
longitude
77.67592
marks
materials
Sandstone
materials_techniques
red and ochre coloured sandstone with traces of a former coating of haematite
museum_number
IM.1-1927
museum_number_token
im11927
object_number
O84193
object_type
Component
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Part of an architrave of red and ochre coloured sandstone, with traces of a former coating of haematite. The panel is rectangular and is carved in low relief. it is a section of an architrave from a gateway (torana) decorated with a man holding a flywhisk (chauri), presumably honouring the deity represented in the centre of the panel, most probably Buddha, but now missing.. a winged lion (passant) and a frontally-seated lion, ending on the right with part of a conventional foliate device, probably representing the Buddhist triratna ( three jewels) emblem, symbolising the Buddhist law and rteaching (dharma), the community of monks (sangha) and lay devotees.. This was probably part of a Buddhist veneration scene.
place
Mathura
primary_image_id
2006BJ9148
production_note
Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, northern India
production_type
public_access_description
This object is a section of an architrave or lintel from a ceremonial gateway (‘torana’). It probably belonged to a Jain or Buddhist stupa (shrine) or monastery site. The sandstone panel is carved in low relief with a winged lion pacing to the left, flanked by a front-view lioness and a standing attendant waving a fly-whisk. The attendant was probably orginally honouring a deity represented in the centre of the panel. This deity, most probably a Buddha, is now missing. On the extreme right is part of a conventional foliate motif . This probably represents the Buddhist 'three jewels' emblem, symbolising the Buddhist law and teachings ('dharma'), the community of monks ('sangha'), and the lay devotees.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
component-unknown
sys_updated
2013-12-04T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
carving
title
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
200
year_start
100