Italian Women in a Vineyard near Rome

2007bm5488 jpg l

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Acquired in 1901 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Schrader, Julius Friedrich Antonio
attributions_note
bibliography
Kauffmann, C.M. Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, II. 1800-1900 . London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, pp. 95-96, cat. no. 208. The following is the full text of the entry: Julius Friedrich Antonio SCHRADER (1815-1900) German (Berlin) School Born in Berlin, he studied at the Academy there from 1820 and at the Diisseldorf Academy under W. Schadow in 1837-44. Subsequently he travelled in Belgium, France, Italy and England and settled in Berlin in 1848. 208 ITALIAN WOMEN IN A VINEYARD NEAR ROME Signed and dated lower right J. Schrader 1848 Canvas 44 x 55 3/4 (111.7 x 141.6) 630-1901 In the R. A. catalogue, 1849, no. 540, the subject is described as: 'Two Italian women, seated with their children in a vineyard at the foot of the Albanian mountains, Ostea.' This would seem to set the scene in the Colli Albani south of Rome, but Ostia is some 15 miles away. Prov. Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence, Bt; given to the Museum in 1901. Exh. R. A. 1849, no. 540. Börsch-Supan, H. et al., Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule : 1819-1918, Munich, 1997, vol. 3, p. 233.
collection_code
PDP
credit
Given by Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence, Bt, MP
date_end
1848-12-31
date_start
1848-01-01
date_text
1848 (made)
descriptive_line
Oil painting, 'Italian Women in a Vineyard near Rome', Julius Friedrich Antonio Schrader, German school, 1848
dimensions
Height: 111.7 cm estimate, Width: 141.6 cm estimate, Weight: 57 kg with frame, Height: 144.5 cm frame, Width: 175.5 cm frame
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
Exhibition (Royal Academy of Arts 01/01/1849-31/12/1849)
gallery
historical_context_note
The term 'Biedermeier' refers to bourgeois life and art in Germanic Europe, an extensive area embracing such cities as Copenhagen, Berlin, Vienna and Prague, from 1815 (the Congress of Vienna) to the revolutions of 1848. Biedermeier painters were ideologically opposed to academic and religious painting and favoured such subject matter as portraits, landscapes and genre scenes, with still-lifes, especially of flowers. They share a similar technique in the use of separate, clear tones and a high degree of finish, reminiscent of Neo-Classicism while they tend to convey a greater sentimentality. By the 1880s, the influence of this artistic movement was on the wane and was even used pejoratively to characterize the reactionary bourgeois elements in society, which remained quite indifferent to social problems and cultivated a sense of order and sobriety, especially in the private sphere and the domestic realm.
historical_significance
history_note
Given by Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence, Bt, 1901 Historical significance: This painting was probably made during Schrader's journey to Rome. It depicts women in a typical Roman costumes set in an idyllic bright landscape. This type of compositions differs from earlier works such as Woman with child on the sea coast where the inspiration appears much more indebted to the Romantic aesthetic with a particular focus on dramatic weather conditions. Schrader was however best known for his history paintings drawing on the 15th and 16th century history and mythology and his portraits of important contemporary figures such as Friedrich II after the battle of Kolin, dated 1849, Museum der Bildenden Kunste, Leipzig, and Baron Alexander v. Humboldt, dated 1859, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
id
15204
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T20:17:19.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T20:17:19.000Z
latitude
41.903111
location
In Storage
longitude
12.49576
marks
'J. Schrader 1848'
materials
oil paint, canvas
materials_techniques
Oil on canvas
museum_number
630-1901
museum_number_token
6301901
object_number
O81349
object_type
Oil painting
on_display
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Two women nursing and playing with their children in a sunny landscape, on a top of a hill, with the sea in the right background.
place
Rome
primary_image_id
2007BM5488
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
Julius Friedrich Antonio Schrader (1815-1900) was the son of the landscape painter Antonio Schrader. He was born in Berlin where he attended the Academy of Fine Arts and was later the pupil of Wilhelm Schadow (1788-1862) in Düsseldorf. He travelled to Holland, France and Italy in 1844 and settled in Berlin in 1847. In 1848, he became professor at the Academy and was awarded several medals among which a first-class one in 1855 (Exposition Universelle, Paris). This painting is a fine example of the Biedermeier imagery which developed in Germany during the 19th century. It shows two Roman women with their children on top of a hill near Rome (probably the Colli Albani). The high degree of finish and clear palette is characteristic of this style along with subject matters which celebrate the intimacy of the family such as motherhood.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
slug
italian-women-in-a-vineyard-oil-painting-schrader-julius-friedrich
sys_updated
2013-08-25T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
Painted
title
Italian Women in a Vineyard near Rome
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
1848
year_start
1848