List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1907, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 129
Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory. Part I. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1927, pp. 15, 16
This ivory is part of a wand probably used by dancers to keep time.
It was found at Giza, in the grave 23, of Mastaba V and it is from the 1st Dynasty, which was 3238-2990 BC.
A mastaba was an earlier tomb development, before the Pyramids were built. It was the standard tomb for Pharaohs and the social elite. But also later when the Pyramids were built, they remained built as simpler versions for the tombs.
The word mastaba comes from Arabic and means bench.
The mastaba's shape was rectangular with a flat roof and it had sloping sides. Below the whole over ground structure, was the underground chamber, for the remains of the deceased. The over ground building also contained a chapel, used by priests and family to bring their offerings.