Adam and Eve

2006bf6098 jpg l

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Acquired in 1940 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Durer, Albrecht
attributions_note
bibliography
Bartsch 1
collection_code
PDP
credit
Bequeathed by Miss Alice G.E. Carthew
date_end
1504-12-31
date_start
1504-01-01
date_text
1504 (engraved)
descriptive_line
Print, Adam and Eve, designed and engraved by Albrecht Durer, 1504, Nuremberg
dimensions
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D
historical_context_note
historical_significance
history_note
id
1491
label
last_checked
2014-08-29T19:25:18.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-29T19:25:18.000Z
latitude
48.917431
location
Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case EL, shelf 82, box A
longitude
11.40798
marks
Lettered 'Albert[us]Durer Noricus faciebat AD (Durer's monogram) 1504' 'Albrecht Durer of Nuremberg made this AD (Durer's monogram) 1504'
materials
paper
materials_techniques
Engraving on paper
museum_number
E.581-1940
museum_number_token
e5811940
object_number
O140261
object_type
Print
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
An engraving depicting the moment before the Fall. Adam and Eve stand side by side with their faces turned towards each other in profile. Eve holds the apple behind her back and the crowned serpent, coiled around a tree, takes another fruit from her hand. Adam is holding a branch of mountain ash, symbolising the Tree of Life. A parrot is perched in the branch and a tablet bearing Dürer's inscription hangs from it. A forest forms the background with a craggy peak and mountain goat visible in the top right hand corner. There is a mouse and a cat (a symbol of choleric temperament) by Adam and Eve's feet. A rabbit (a symbol of sanguine temperament), an elk (a symbol of melancholic temperament) and a bull (a symbol of phlegmatic temperament) are positioned in the forest. The iconography relating to the theory of the temperaments/humours is a reference to the philosphy that Man contained a perfect balance of the four humours before the Fall. After the Fall the nature of each human was thought to be corrupted by the dominance of one or another of the humours.
place
Nuremberg
primary_image_id
2006BF6098
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
'Durer made a large number of preparatory drawings which document the particular care with which he planned the design of this print. It also represents the culmination of his study of a system of human proportion seen in his slightly earlier drawings.' ('Albrecht Durer and his Legacy'; Giulia Bartram, British Museum Press, 2002). Adam and Eve stand in pale contrast to the dark, and clearly northern, forest behind them; Eve is taking the fruit offered to her by the serpent which Adam stretches out his arm to receive in turn. The details of the figures and foliage are exquisitely depicted in swirling lines, cross-hatching and stipple engraving. Both Adam and Eve have delicately depicted curling hair and they stand almost mirroring each other in their classical poses, Adam holding a branch of the Tree of Life and Eve the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. This fine print displays the artist's virtuoso mastery of the engraving technique.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
adam-and-eve-print-durer-albrecht
sys_updated
2013-08-25T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
engraving
title
Adam and Eve
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
1504
year_start
1504