Yetts, W. Perceval.The George Eumorfopoulos collection; catalogue of the Chinese & Corean bronzes, sculpture, jades, jewellery and miscellaneous objects. London: E. Benn, 1929, Vol. I, p. 38
It is stated that this vase was used in the preparation of piece-moulds for casting bronze. This is the explannation given of the appearnance of roughly scored lines on various parts of the vessel.
Loo, C.T. Burlington Magazine, Jan. 1928, p. xxvi.
A similar, more complete pottery vase, on the upper part with taotie masks on the front with pendant rings, and side handles.
wen wu Beijing, 1959, No. 9, pp. 53-55.
For a discussion of a set of four comparable vases discovered in a Warring States tomb near Beijing. Among the finds were a variety of altar vessels, and the most important were elaborately painted in red pigments.
Yutaka Mino (10/12/1993): Group of vessels from Hebei also published from Kaogu Xuebao
Vase, in imitation of an archaic bronze wine vessel, of unglazed grey stoneware moulded in relief. It has a bulbous body, wide neck and spreading base. The vase is moulded with two rows of panelling, on the neck and body respectively, the bands separating the panels being set in the middle of each side of the vase and rising to four points on the shoulder. On two sides of the neck, immediately below the rim is applied a small taotie mask in relief, an angular depression is cut away in the rim on each of the remaining sides. Adhering to certain parts of the vase are patches of wax, and remains of red pigments.