Aureus of Antonius Pius

2009cc5563 jpg l

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Acquired in 1910 (the spelunker thinks)

artist
Unknown
attributions_note
bibliography
'Salting Bequest (A. 70 to A. 1029-1910) / Murray Bequest (A. 1030 to A. 1096-1910)'. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Department of Architecture and Sculpture). London: Printed under the Authority of his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, East Harding Street, EC, p. 112
collection_code
SCP
credit
Bequeathed by Mr George Salting
date_end
0144-12-31
date_start
0140-01-01
date_text
140-144 AD (made)
descriptive_line
Coin (aureus), gold, of Antonius Pius / Mars, Roman, ca. 140-144 AD
dimensions
Diameter: 1.9 cm, Weight: 7.35 g
edition_number
event_text
exhibition_history
gallery
Medieval and Renaissance, room 8
historical_context_note
The coin bears the head of Emperor Antoninus Pius, whose full title was: Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. He was born Sept. 19, 86AD at Lanuvium, Latium and died on March 7 161AD at Lorium, Etruria. He was Roman emperor from 138–161AD. Of Gallic origins, he served as consul (120) before being assigned judicial administrative duties in Italy. He later governed the province of Asia (c. 134). He became an adviser to Hadrian and in 138 was made Hadrian's heir. On accession he had the deceased emperor declared a god; for such dutiful acts he was named Pius (“Pious”). He quelled rebellions in Britain and other provinces and built the Antonine Wall. Mild-mannered and capable, he was the fourth of the “five good emperors” who guided the empire through an 84-year period (96–180) of internal peace and prosperity. The reverse of the coin shows Mars appearing to Rhea Sylvia. According to Virgil's Aeneid , Jupiter predicted that Mars would father twins by Rhea Sylvia, one of the virgins guarding the eternal flame before the Pallas Athena statue at the temple of Vesta. According to legend Rhea was raped by Mars and had two children, the twins Romulus and Remus who later founded Rome.
historical_significance
history_note
Salting bequest
id
100559
label
last_checked
2014-08-30T02:22:39.000Z
last_processed
2014-08-30T02:22:39.000Z
latitude
41.903111
location
Medieval and Renaissance, room 8, case 2
longitude
12.49576
marks
'ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP' 'TRIB POT COS III' With power as Tribune and Consul for the third time
materials
gold
materials_techniques
Gold
museum_number
A.683-1910
museum_number_token
a6831910
object_number
O128633
object_type
Coin
on_display
1
original_currency
original_price
physical_description
Small gold coin. On the obverse: a portrait of the emperor Antoninus Pius. On the reverse Mars god of war, naked with a helmet, shield and spear appearing before the sleeping figure of Rhea Sylvia.
place
Rome
primary_image_id
2009CC5563
production_note
production_type
public_access_description
This coin bears the head of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 86–161) and an image of the Roman God Mars. The presence of a powerful deity on a coin lent authority to the emperor. Mars stands before Rhea Sylvia, the woman with whom he fathered Romulus and Remus, the mythical founders of Rome. Emperor Antoninus Pius' fulltitle was Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. He was Roman emperor from 138-161AD. Of Gallic origins, he served as consul (120) before being assigned judicial administrative duties in Italy. He later governed the province of Asia (c. 134). He became an adviser to Hadrian and in 138 was made Hadrian's heir. On accession he had the deceased emperor declared a god; for such dutiful acts he was named Pius ("Pious"). Mild-mannered and capable, he was the fourth of the "five good emperors" who guided the empire through an 84-year period (96-180) of internal peace and prosperity. The aureus was an ancient Roman gold coin, issued from around the 1st century BC up to the 4th century AD. One aureus was worth 25 silver denarii. The denarius was a small silver coin and the principal silver coin issued in the ancient Roman currency system from the late 3rd century BC until the early 3rd century AD.
related_museum_numbers
rights
3
shape
site_code
VA
slug
aureus-of-antonius-pius-coin-unknown
sys_updated
2013-08-17T00:00:00.000Z
techniques
title
Aureus of Antonius Pius
updated
vanda_exhibition_history
year_end
144
year_start
140